4 February 2010 Edition
Banking crisis - human cost coming
Home repossessions set to balloon
BY JOANNE SPAIN
Sixteen months after the Dublin government committed the state to underwriting the six main banks’ total deposits and loans, and half a year since the introduction of the NAMA initiative – the issue of home repossessions has come to the fore. Billions of euro have been invested in the banks, eleven to be exact. Not a cent has gone into helping people walked by the banks, developers, estate agents and government policy into buying overpriced houses at the peak of the boom.
Most of these people are now sitting in houses with massive negative equity, trapped in extortionate long-term fixed rate mortgages, and saddled with 30-year debts that they are struggling to repay in the current climate of wage cuts and job losses.
All of these people will have been pleased to hear the government announcement last week that it is committed to helping homeowners struggling with mortgage payments. However, the ambiguity about what form this help will take and the fact that the government is not talking about implementing any plan until the summer, is of no help. The only ‘help’ on offer for the past year has been a moratorium on repossessions, but that has run out now and only applied to the six guaranteed banks anyway. Almost one home a day was repossessed last year following proceedings by non-guaranteed banks.
As it stands, missing even one mortgage repayment can land you on the records of the Irish Credit Rating Bureau as a bad creditor.
The repossession issue is becoming very topical in light of Permanent TSB’s Standard Variable interest rate hike from 3.19% to 3.69% on 1 February. Most economic commentators have pointed out that this increase is the first of many. The fact that Irish banks are borrowing on the wholesale market at a rate of 5.6% to supply mortgages at 3.5% is unsustainable, they say. Even Brian Lenihan has said the raising of interest rates is a commercial necessity for privately run banks.
So – the elephant in the room – why are they private commercial entities when it comes to some aspects of their business, but problems for society and the Exchequer when it comes to bail-outs, recapitalisation and the toxic loans on their banksheets?
It is this double standard that it is upsetting the public. They see a government, even now after everything that has happened in the economy, willing to allow taxpayers to carry the can for all the banks’ mistakes, but have no say over the operation of those banks. Because ask anyone on the street do they think the young family up to their necks in debt should be financially helped by the state to avoid ending up on the street, or the board of directors who lent too much to risky speculative ventures, and you know what the answer will be. Nationalising the banks would have allowed the government to both deal with the internal problems and ensure that homeowners were not shafted at the same time.
All the indicators are that an avalanche of repossessions is on the way. Recent figures from the Moody’s agency show close to 6,400 people stopped paying their mortgages more than a year ago, and the live register continued to climb throughout 2009. The Financial Regulator said before Christmas that more than 26,000 homeowners are in arrears of three months or more. Most of these people have mortgages with the six main banks, which, from February, can initiate legal proceedings against them again.
There will be some legitimate anger directed at some individuals’ decisions to go for mortgages for houses that were out of their reach, but individual choice aside, the banks granted people mortgages who never had a hope of repaying them. This type of activity is something any inquiry into the banks will have to examine.
For now, it is important people start to get the help they need. There are many measures out there that will work but don’t amount to a ‘free-ride’ for those who got in over their heads. That’s important because, while we have to be conscious of the demographic of people who were left with no choice but to pay exorbitant sums for a home in the last few years, we also have to be conscious as taxpayers that many people did not buy houses beyond their means but chose to either buy sensibly, save or rent until the property market evened out.
The government has said it is commissioning a team of experts to tell it how best to handle the situation, which sounds suspiciously like a foot-dragging exercise. The fact is, a number of countries have their mortgage support schemes up and running already and any or all of their measures could easily be adopted.
In Britain, for example, the government is running a dedicated website specifically for troubled homeowners that offers numerous solutions and contacts depending on individual situations. These include a Mortgage Rescue scheme, run by local housing authorities (organisations that manage housing for local councils) that offers everything from financial help, to shared equity loans and ‘government mortgages to rent’, when the government buys some of your house and rents it back to you. The scheme has conditions, such as people who meet priority needs (pregnant women, dependants, old age pensioners, etc), households who earn less than £60,000, and not owning a second home.
The site also offers Homeowners Mortgage Support, which helps if your household has had a temporary, unexpected drop in income. This allows people to delay some of the interest repayments on a mortgage for up to two years.
This is the kind of specific acknowledgement and assistance that people who are struggling to meet their mortgages and face repossession need. The government sending out Minister for Communicating-smoke-signals-in-a-smug-fashion Eamonn Ryan is not enough.
It took the government all of one evening to decide to guarantee the banks €440 billion. It took them three weeks of debating in the Dáil to pass the NAMA legislation, which will give the banks €54 billion. And it’s taken them a relatively short period to invest €11 billion between Anglo-Irish, AIB and Bank of Ireland. It shouldn’t take another six months to give worried homeowners a helping hand.